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The treaty paved the way for the United Nations Transitional Administration in Cambodia (UNTAC), a peacekeeping mission that essentially led the country in 1992-93. Drawing on the spirit of the time – a period of dizzying liberal optimism that contributed to the collapse of the Soviet Union – the agreement also promised to turn a poor and conflict-shaken nation into a liberal democracy in which human rights would be respected and defended. For the CPC, the Paris Agreements have meanwhile been subdated into the party`s own fundamental myths, as evidenced by Hun Sen`s remarks on the anniversary of the agreement. Hun Sen argued that Paris would never have happened had it not been for the meetings between him and Prince Norodom Sihanouk, which took place in France in 1987. He also pointed out (rightly) that the Paris Accords had not ended Cambodia`s civil war, which he attributed to the offensives and amnesties of his own government in the late 1990s – a policy that the CPC`s historiography has since canonized as a „win-win policy“. The 1991 AAE, which ended the Vietnam-Cambodia conflict, ended at a unique time of geopolitical confluence. The Cold War was over; The major international powers, regional powers and Cambodian parties were deadlocked; And everyone cared about the end of the conflict. Japan`s goal was to sit on the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) and to play a growing role in the region. The Soviet Union collapsed and its armed forces and deputies pushed Cambodia into the country. The complex task of the chief U.S. negotiator, led by East Asian and Asian Affairs Minister Richard Solomon, was to convince the five permanent members of the UN Security Council to support a UN peace agreement and their Cambodian clients. Other key players – such as France`s Claude Martin, Indonesia`s Ali Alitas and Australia`s Gareth Ev-years – also played a decisive role. „At the time of the negotiations, there was always a sense of tragedy, which was demonstrated by a permanent vigil led by monks, who chanted and prayed for peace,“ recalled Ambas-Sador Mark Storella, a former member of the U.S.

delegation to the APV, and then deputy head of the mission in Cambodia. „Each of the members of the UN Security Council P-5 supported one of the four Cambodian factions and lured their clients to an agreement.“ Human rights defender Thun Saray concluded that the promises of AAE and UNTAC could have been better kept if the donor community had continued to focus on protecting human rights and reducing impunity. Faced with the shrinking political space, civil society actors need the strength of the donor community to support it. The aim of the AAEs was to restore peace in the region, but there were no enforcement mechanisms under way beyond the Commission on Human Rights and the Special Rapporteur on Cambodia. Since the AAEs had a launch date but no deadline, it can still be considered in force for both the Cambo-dians and the international community, which means that signatories are required to continue to engage. We, the international and regional organizations that have signed, write to you on the occasion of the 26th anniversary of the Paris Peace Conference on Cambodia in 1991, co-chaired by France and Indonesia. The Paris conference resulted in the signing of the historic Paris peace accords, which aimed to end the „tragic conflict and ongoing bloodshed in Cambodia.“