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If we think of the last hundred years of borders drawn by a secret agreement, one wonders what the Middle East would look like today if the Sykes-Picot had been drawn differently. Share this video with the world to honor those who have been oppressed over the past 100 years and who have not had a voice. The agreement was originally used directly as the basis for the 1918 Anglo-French modus vivendi, which provided a framework for the Occupied Enemy Territory Administration in the Levant. More generally, it was to lead indirectly to the subsequent partition of the Ottoman Empire after the Ottoman defeat of 1918. Shortly after the war, French Palestine and Mosul ceded to the British. Warrants in the Levant and Mesopotamia were awarded at the San Remo conference in April 1920, according to the Sykes-Picot framework; The British mandate for Palestine ran until 1948, the British mandate for Mesopotamia was to be replaced by a similar treaty with compulsory Iraq, and the French mandate for Syria and Lebanon lasted until 1946. The anatolic parts of the agreement were attributed by the Treaty of Sevres of August 1920; But these ambitions were thwarted by the Turkish War of Independence of 1919-23 and the Subsequent Treaty of Lausanne. The following eleven points included the formal agreements between Great Britain, France and Russia. QAMISHLI, Syria – The 100th state of the Sykes-Picot agreement – the agreement between the French and the British that divided the Kurds into four countries – the Kurds, both in Iraq and Syria, now run their own administrations in the region. However, the Kurds are now maintaining these borders by closing the only crossing point between the two Kurdistans. „If they implement the Duhok agreement between the KNC and [the PYD], they will open the border and send everything,“ he said. For me, Sykes-Picot`s historic decisions have had serious personal consequences.

Like most Kurds, I have suffered from the consequences of the Sykes-Picot agreement. I was a refugee three times when I was 11. My city of Halabja was gassed by the former Iraqi government, while I lost many members of my family and thousands of others who perished. In addition to the Halabja attack, an estimated 180,000 other Kurds were buried alive in the Iraqi deserts, 8,000 Kurds in the Barzan region were massacred and about 4,000 Kurdish villages were flattened in the 1980s. Loevy referred to a similar point with regard to sections 4 to 8 of the agreement, recalling that the British and French practiced „Ottoman colonial development“ and that this experience served as a roadmap for subsequent war negotiations. [51] While Khalidi examined the negotiations of Great Britain and France in 1913 and 1914 on the Homs-Baghdad railway line, as well as their agreements with Germany, in other regions, as a „clear basis“ for their subsequent spheres of influence under the agreement. [52] Last month, many Kurds mourned the centenary of the Sykes-Picot Agreement, signed on May 16, 1916, which laid the foundation for the current nation-states in the Middle East.