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A person develops such an ability in his/her childhood while having an exposure to two different languages. Bilingualism refers to a phenomenon that involves a person’s ability to understand and speak at least two languages. However, it bears negative connotations and is often replaced by terms such as ‘non-native’ or ‘intentional bilingualism’. This paper reviews both research on the cognitive effects of bilingualism and research on the cognitive effects of biliteracy. Learn more in: The Phenomenon of Bilingualism in Slovakia: Raising a Bilingual Child in a Monolingual Culture – A Family Case Study on Intentional Bilingualism as a Communication Strategy ... Bilingualism, in other words, seems to have a protective effect on cognitive decline. Let’s define bilingualism simply as the ability to express oneself with ease in two […] That … Bilingualism is found in all parts of the world, at all levels of society, in all age groups. Nevertheless, it is also possible to notice that multilingualism is a result of … Bilingualism bridges the understanding of the world around us, communicating with others, promoting the sharing of cultural phenomena. Bilingualism is an increasingly common phenomenon also among children. There may be distinctions between ability and use of a language, or differences in proficiency between the two languages. Even in countries with many monolinguals, the percentage of bilinguals is high. There are different definitions of the bilingualism in the scientific literature, for example, K.Kh. Therefore, more than one language is spoken by people in the frameworks of social, working and family life. The conclusions are that bilingualism and multilingualism are a necessity and an inevitable phenomenon in today’s Europe, especially due to migration and due to the need of adapting to and accepting other cultures. It has been estimated that more than half the world's population is bilingual, that is lives with two or more languages. In fact, over 50% of the population around the world is bilingual nowadays, according to most estimates. What is more, there is a universality of bilingualism and multilingualism throughout history. The phenomenon of whether cognitive advantages are associated with bilingualism has been widely debated. It’s a phenomenon that researchers call the bilingual advantage. Definitions of bilingualism, biliteracy, and the explicit definitive characteristics of a bilingual Thus, bilingualism is a result of “psycholinguistic functioning of the mind when having two codes” (Ceroz & Gorter, 2011, p. 357). Bilingualism is a rare phenomenon. WRONG. Thus, bilingualism is an extensive cultural, linguistic, and cognitive phenomenon that is extensively carried out in modern society. Definition Misconceptions Advantages Bilingualism: Definition Defining bilingualism in just a few words is not easy, as each individual has different bilingual characteristics. The present chapter deals with the phenomenon of bilingualism in Slovakia in general and the concept of so-called intentional bilingualism in particular. The need to understand the phenomenon of bilingualism in the context of the development of cultural values is the major task of the present stage of development of civilization. Bilingualism in a monolingual family living in the monolingual environment. Many This phenomenon is connected with the notion of codes. Khanazarov determines bilingualism as «the knowledge of two languages and usage of them»; according to Dzhunusov bilingualism means «socio-lingual phenomenon which appeared in the result of multilingual nation’s communication» [3]. With two or more languages widely debated bilingualism: definition Defining bilingualism in just a few words not! 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